|October 13, 2010
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|Mariotto di Bigio di Bindo Albertinelli (October 13, 1474 - November 5, 1515) was a High Renaissance Italian painter of the Florentine school, closely involved with Fra Bartolomeo and influenced by Raphael.
Mariotto Albertinelli was born in Florence. As a 12-year old boy, he became a pupil of Cosimo Rosselli, and a fellow-pupil with Fra Bartolomeo with whom he formed such an intimate brotherly rapport that in 1494 the two started their own studio in Florence. Vasari's opinion was that Mariotto was not so well grounded in drawing as
Bartolomeo, and he tells that, to improve his hand he had taken to
drawing the antiquities in the Medici garden, where he was encouraged
by Madonna Alfonsina, the mother of Duke Lorenzo II de' Medici.
the Medici were temporarily banished in 1494, he returned to his
friend, whose manner he copied so assiduously, according to Vasari,
that his works were taken for Baccio's. When, in the wake of Savonarola's morality campaign, Baccio joined the Dominican order
as Fra Bartolomeo in 1500 and gave up painting, Albertinelli, beside
himself with the loss, would have joined him; but, spurred by his
success in completing an unfinished Last Judgment of Bartolomeo's, he resolved to carry on alone. Among his many students were Jacopo da Pontormo, Innocenzo di Pietro Francucci da Imola and Giuliano Bugiardini.
was a most restless person and carnal in the affairs of love and apt to
the art of living, and, taking a dislike to the studies and
brain-wracking necessary to painting, being also often stung by the
tongues of other painters, as is their way, he resolved to give himself
to a less laborious and more jovial profession, and so opened the most
lovely hostelry outside the Porta San Gallo, and at the sign of the
Dragon at the Ponte Vecchio a
tavern and inn. This life he led for many months, saying that he had
taken up an art that was without muscles, foreshortening or perspective
and, better still, without faultfinding, and that the art that he had
given up imitated flesh and blood, but this one created flesh and
blood; in this if you had good wine you heard yourself praised, but in
that every day you were blamed. But at last the low life became an
annoyance to him, and, filled with remorse, he returned to painting.
Albertinelli's paintings bear the imprint of Perugino's sense of volumes in space and perspective, Fra Bartolomeo's coloring, the landscape portrayal of Flemish masters like Memling, and Leonardo's Sfumato technique. His chief paintings are in Florence, notably his masterpiece, the Visitation (1503) at the Uffizi.